时间：2019-01-30 03:36:04 来源：柠檬阅读网 本文已影响 人
1. 在句子中起宾语作用的从句为宾语从句。宾语从句可以作及物动词、短语动词、介词的宾语。例如:Everybody wonders how the Great Wall was built without modern machines so many years ago.
4. 宾语从句中否定的转移。例如:I don’t think you’re right.
Tom was playing computer games while his mother was cooking in the kitchen. 汤姆在玩电脑游戏,他的妈妈在厨房烧饭。
She found her umbrella where she had her supper.
Wherever I am,I will remember your advice.
3. 方式状语从句通常由as if,as though引导,也有用as, as...so...引导的。
例如:As water is to fish,so air is to man.我们离不开空气,犹如鱼儿离不开水。as if,as though 两者的意义和用法相同,引导的状语从句谓语多表示与事实相反,有时也用陈述语气,表示所说情况是事实或实现的可能性较大。汉译常作“仿佛……似的”,“好像……似的”。例如:
They completely forgot these facts as if (as though) they never happened.
It looks as if the weather may clear up very soon.
4. 目的状语从句由that,so that,in order that等词引导。例如:
You’d better take more clothes so that you can keep warm in the cold weather. 你最好多穿点衣服,以便在寒冷的天气里能保暖。
5. 原因状语从句一般由because,since,as和for引导。because语势最强,用来说明人所不知的原因,回答why提出的问题。当原因是显而易见的或已为人们所知,就用as或 since。由because引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用for来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用for。例如:
①I didn’t go,because I was busy. 我不去是因为我忙。
②Since /As the weather is so bad,we have to delay our hiking.
③He has been absent these days,because / for he’s got a bad flu.
④He must be ill,for he is absent today. 他一定病了,所以今天缺席。
6. 结果状语从句常由so...that 或 such...that引导。so...that与such...that之间可以转换。例如: 这男孩年龄太小,不能上学。
He is so young a boy that he can’t go to school.
He is such a young boy that he can’t go to school.
这种结构的复合句通常可以用enough to,too...to改为简单句进行表达。如:He is too young to go to school./ He isn’t old enough to go to school.
7. 条件状语从句连接词主要有 if,unless等。unless = if not. 例如:
If you are not too tired,let’s go to the supermarket on foot.
You will miss the bus unless you leave immediately.
8.让步状语从句由though,although引导,后面的从句不能有but,但是 though 和yet可连用。例如:
Although it was raining,they were still working in the field.
The old man lives alone,but he doesn’t feel lonely.
1. 定语从句在句子中作定语,用来修饰一个名词、名词词组或者代词。被修饰的名词、名词词组或代词叫做先行词; 在先行词和定语从句之间起连接作用的词叫做引导词。
2. 引导词分为“关系代词”和“关系副词”。 关系代词有:that,who,whom,whose,which。关系副词有:when,where,why。that表示人或物,which表示事或物,who表示人。
例1 No one knew why ________ in the Chinese exam.(无锡中考题)
A. does she failB. did she failC. she had failedD. she has failed
例2 ―Is the woman ________ walked past just now your teacher?
―Yes. She teaches ________ English.(扬州中考题)
A. that;ourB. who;usC. whom;usD. who;our
例3 ―What will you do if it ________ tomorrow?
―I’ll stay at home and watch the match on TV.(苏州中考题)
A. rain B. rains C. will rain D. is raining
例4Hurry up. We have to get to the station before 11∶45 ________ we can catch the 12∶00 train. (南通中考题)
A. sinceB. afterC. as soon asD. so that
[解析] 正确答案是D。此题考查了引导状语从句的连词。so that用于结果状语从句,表示“这样”,此题意为:快点,我们必须在11:45前到达车站,这样我们就能赶上12:00的火车了。
例5―Excuse me,could you tell me?
―Sorry,I’m new here. (镇江中考题)
A. where is the railway station
B. which bus I shall take to the railway station
C. where the railway station was
D. how can I get to the railway station
[解析] 正确答案是B。此题考查了宾语从句的语序和时态。A和D选项语序不对,C选项时态不对。主句中could you tell me 的could 表示语气,而不是表示过去时态。
()1. ―What do you think of her dress?
―I think it still looks quite fashionable on her ________ it is a style of many years ago. (扬州)
A. thoughB. orC. soD. because
()2. ―Do we have to hold our English party in the classroom?
―Well,I don’t know ________ if not here. (扬州)
A. when can we do itB. when we can do it
C. where can we do it D. where we can do it
()3. ― I’d like to know________.
―At 6∶30. (苏州)
A. when does your mother usually cook breakfast
B. how your mother usually cooks breakfast
C. when your mother usually cooks breakfast
D. how does your mother usually cook breakfast
()4. ―Did you give Dick a call?
―I didn’t need to ________ I’ll see him soon. (无锡)
A. whenB. thoughC. untilD. because
()5. ― Did Mrs King leave a message?
―Yes. She wanted to know ________ this Sunday. (南京)
A. who you would go shopping
B. if you would go shopping with her
C. that you’ll go shopping
D. when will you go shopping with her
()6.________ scientists have done a lot of research on H1N1 flu,there are still some cases for further study. (南京)
A. AsB. OnceC. IfD. Although
()7. The picture shows us ________ in Xuzhou in the past. (徐州)
A. what everyday life was like B. what was everyday life like
C. how everyday life was likeD. how was everyday life like
()8. ―The light in his room is still on. Do you know ________?
―In order to prepare for the coming exam. (常州)
A. if he works hard B. why he stays up so late
C. why is he so busy D. when he will stop working
()9. ―Can you tell me ________ for the 60th China National Day?
―A wonderful parade. (连云港)
A. what is going to be heldB. who is going to be invited
C. how much money will be raised D. how long will it last
()10. It is summer now in China,________ it is winter in Australia. (南通)
A. before B. until C. while D. since
1.________ the traffic was too bad,it took me longer to get home. (when,as)
2. I didn’t go to bed ________ I finished my homework last night. (when,until)
3. ________ you watch this programme,you will realize how much danger these tigers face. (after,before)
4. I will tell you the secret ________ you promise not to tell anyone else about it. (when,if)
5. I prefer to take a train ________ it’s faster and more comfortable to go by train. (because,and)
6.________ you have any questions,you can ask me. (until,when)
7. Please give me a call ________you arrive in Shanghai. (as soon as,while)
8. ________ we didn’t see the Great Wall,we felt excited ________ we passed over China. (when,because,although)
9. The drink is ________ delicious ________I enjoy it very much. (so...that,too...to)
10. I arrived at the airport the plane had taken off. (after,before)
1. Hurry up,or you will be late for school.(改为同义句)
________ you ________,you’ll be late for school.
2. I donated some money because I wanted to help the poor. (同上)
I wanted to help the poor ________ I donated some money.
3. He said,“I haven’t seen her today.”(将直接引语改为间接引语)
4. The teacher said,“The earth turns around the sun.”(同上)
The teacher said ________________________________________.
5. “Did you watch the film called Action?” she asked. (同上)
She asked me________________________________________________.
6. Millie asked,“Can you tell me about your job,Mr Friend?”(同上)
Millie asked Mr Friend ________________________________________________.
7. The girl with a flower in her hand is my sister. (改为定语从句)
The girl ________ a flower in her hand is my sister.
8. The question is easy. You can answer it. (合并为复合句)
9. I went home after I finished my homework. (用until改写句子)
10. My mother gave me a book. The book was full of pictures. (改为定语从句)
My mother gave me a book.